Friday, January 18, 2013

Space Novel (D)

Name of Book: Summer Stargazing
Author: Terence Dickinson

1) This book talks about stargazing, crescent moons, moon watching, observing planets, stars and constellations, the Dippers, meteors, auroras, lunar eclipses, the sun, solar eclipses and comets. This book has a good variety of astronomical terms and objects.

2) From this book, I learned about:
*The different star gazing equipment like binoculars and telescopes
*When crescent moons are best seen in the morning sky from August to January and the luminosity of earth shines vary from different amounts of cloud cover
*The different parts of a moon(craters and ancient lava plains) and the same side of the moon faces Earth all the time
*How the planets orbit around the sun and the Zodiac Belt, which is the second guideline used to identify planets
*How the Big Dipper is the premier guidepost pointing to stars and constellations. From May to October, the Big Dipper is see in the north-northwest throughout North America.
*Annual Meteor Showers-Meteor watching requires no instruments
*The typical aurora being located a few hundred kilometers up in the Earth's atmosphere
*Lunar eclipses appear about once a year. Binoculars enhance the eclipse's subtle colors and shadings.
*Sunspots on the sun can be larger than Earth. Observing solar eclipses with a solar filter(which fit over the front of a telescope)
*Famous comets such as The Great Comet of 1882 and Halley's Comet in 1986

Space Documentary(E)

Title: Can We Make it to Mars?
Date: 2011
Channel: Nova scienceNOW

If astronauts were to find a way to get to Mars safely, they'd have to find a way to protect them from meteoroids. Being in zero-gravity for a long period of time can cause bone loss. Cosmic rays will pierce the spaceship and the astronauts. They are still trying to find a defense against cosmic rays. If you go to Mars, you're raising your risk of cancer. If you happened to be out of the spaceship without a spacesuit on, it would not take long for you to shrivel up and vaporize. Humans can survive on 1/3 atmosphere; which is what they put in the spacesuit. Astronauts cook food by adding cold or hard water to freeze dried foods. With the best rockets today, it would take 2 and a half years to get us there and back. Rovers on Mars have found water. 

Deep Impact(C)

1) The movie Deep Impact was about a teenage astronomer who discovers a comet is on its way towards Earth. Marcus Wolf, an astronomer, tries to get the information out but dies in a car accident. One year later,   an MSNBC reporter Jenny Lerner finds out about E.L.E. (Extinction-Level Event) and warns the President. The comet is large enough to wipe out humanity if it hits Earth. The United States and Russia constructed a spacecraft called the Messiah, so that it can destroy the comet. Once they land on the comet, they plant nuclear bombs which then damage the ship and they lose contact with Earth. The comet then splits into two smaller rocks, both still threatening to Earth. The President announces the failure, and lets the people know that they are building underground shelters. Only 800,000 Americans can go along with 200,000 scientists, teachers, soldiers, etc. and they will choose them by lottery. Lerner and Leo's families are selected, but Leo's girlfriend is not. Leo marries Sarah to save her family, but her family is left off the evacuation list, so Sarah refuses to leave them. Sarah and her family have left for the Appalachian Mountains but get stuck in a traffic jam on the highway. Sarah's parents make her take the baby and go with Leo to high ground. Lerner gives up her seat in the evacuation helicopter to her friend Beth and her daughter. She then goes to her dad at her house when she was a child. The fragment impacts the Atlantic Ocean. Leo, Sarah, and the baby survive, but Lerner, her father, Sarah's parents, and millions do not. The crew of Messiah then goes on a suicide mission to destroy the other fragment. It destroys the Messiah and the fragment, and breaks it into smaller pieces that burn up in the Earth's atmosphere. At the end, the President speaks to a large crowd in front of the United States Capitol, which was undergoing construction, and talks about recovery. The theme of the movie is bravery and family.

2) These themes relate to the learning goals for our class because it shows how the crew of the Messiah worked together to try to save the lives on Earth. They gave up their own lives for the humans on Earth. That shows true bravery and honor for our country. Family is also a theme because family will do everything possible to keep each other safe.

3) I really enjoyed this film. I enjoyed the storyline because it showed different perspectives. I think this movie could relate to the movie 2012 because they both contain a storyline of the world in being in danger.

Apollo 13(C)

1) Apollo 13 was about an astronaut, Jim Lovell, who is determined to walk on the moon's surface. He is later told that him and his crew will be on the Apollow 13 mission to the moon. His teammates Ken and Fred began training for the mission. They soon found out that Ken had been exposed to measles so he could not go on the mission. So, Jack Swigert took his place. The day of the launch is here and Jim's wife comes to watch. As the rocket takes off, an engine cuts off, but it reaches Earth's orbit. On the third day of the mission, the crew was supposed to be on television, but the network thought it wasn't big enough news so they cancelled it. When Jack is told to stir the two liquid oxygen tanks, one tank explodes and emptied all of the oxygen into space. They then find out that the other tank is leaking. Mission control had nothing else to do than abort the moon landing. Mission control is working hard to try and figure out how to get there guys home safely. "Failure is not an option". Jim has lost his chance of ever walking on the moon. But, he can't worry about that because he has to worry about getting home safely before they lose oxygen. Ken comes to help Mission control figure out how to get the crew back home. Meanwhile, the carbon dioxide is reaching dangerous levels and the engineering team has to figure out a way to get the filters to fit in the round receptacles. They find a way to get the carbon dioxide levels lowered so they can start up the Command Module with its small amount of power left. The crew prepare for re-entry and pray that they won't get burned up. They then release Aquarius and re-enter Earth's atmosphere. After an intense period of time, the astronauts land into the Pacific Ocean. The three men are picked up and welcomed back from their mission. The theme of the movie to perseverance, bravery, and teamwork.

2) These themes relate to the learning goals of our class because it teaches us that we have to work together to accomplish something so big. Even if you're in space, you need to be there for each other so you can return home safely.

3) I enjoyed the film because it was so interesting to see how they worked together under pressure and got the job done. Their main focus was to arrive home safely and they did so by working together and bravery. They did not stop until they found a way home. It was also interesting to see their point of view through the whole experience because it actually felt like I was there.
Final Project(G)


      Astronomers have identified a possible planet that is wandering around space using ESO's Very Large Telescope and Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope. It is about 100 light-years away. The planet is not tied to any stars because it is a free-floating planet. Free-floating planets were first discovered in the 1990s when astronomers found out that when brown dwarfs cross over into the planetary range, it is difficult to identify them.
     The AB Doradus Moving Group is the closest group to the Solar System. Its stars may have formed together and they drift through space together. If an object is associated with this group, it was possible to determine its temperature, mass, and what its atmosphere consists of.

Will we ever have more than 8 planets?

The quality of the writing is understandable and well written. It is written straight to the point.

Tuesday, October 23, 2012

Moon Cookies

2) The moon appears to us in different phases because we see it on it's position of orbit it is currently at. The sides of the moon we see are the ones that the sun shines on.
3) The cycle of phases is about a month.
4) The average time in days between phases is about 3 days.
5) The crater, Tycho, is always facing the Earth because the tides removed energy from the Moon's rotation, therefore, Tycho is always facing Earth.
6) There are usually 12 full-moon phases, but there are sometimes 13.
7) Solar eclipse would be seen at the new moon phase. A lunar eclipse would be seen at the full moon phase.
8) C